The Seeking

  • Everything in creation is constantly in movement. Not a movement there is rest.
  • Living beings are looking for happiness and avoiding suffering.
  • Happiness is a feeling of expansion of mind. When the mind becomes silent, the bliss of the SELF is reflected (chidabhasa) in the mind. This is called happiness.
  • In general we can look at happiness in four different ways

Pleasure & Pain – body based

  • Body based happiness is called pleasure.  Anything pleasing to senses is pleasure
  • Pleasing to eyes, smell, touch, taste… all come under this category . Sex belongs to this category.
  • Where there is pleasure, there is pain also. Thus pain and pleasure are duality
  • Pleasure lasts as long as physical contact lasts. Mind keeps longing for the pleasure. This leads to addiction.
  • Pleasure is always in the present moment.


       Happiness  & Unhappiness. – Mind based


  • Happiness is mental contact. Pleasure translates into happiness also. However happiness is more than pleasure. Past events, future imagination can give happiness. Remembering a birth day party can give happiness.
  • Counter part of happiness is unhappiness.


     Joy and Sorrow – soul based

  • Joy belongs to the soul. Some body can be joyful in any situation or sorrowful
  • Counter part of joy is sorrow or depression.


  • Bliss is of the spirit. It is not dependent on body, mind and intellect.
  • Bliss is no mind.
  • Infinite nature of SELF is called ananta. Experience of ananta is called ananda.

Three types of Beings


  • Those who seek happiness through passive activity – drugs/alcohol, sleeping, food.
  • Kumbhakarna in mythology of Ramayana is example for this. His main pursuit in life was eating and sleeping for months together.



  • Those who seek happiness through  power &  possessions by intense activity
  • Ravana of Ramayana is an example of this category. He chased power and possession relentlessly.


  • Those who seek happiness through intellectual pursuits /devotional pursuit or spiritual pursuits
  • Vibhishana of Ramayana is an example of this category. He was always engaged in devotional service to Sri Ram – enemy of his brother Ravana.

 Evolutionary instinct

  • At single celled organism level basic instinct of attraction/repulsion (raga, dvesha) drives life.

The organism works on feeling.  Threat perceptions like heat makes the organism move away ( dvesha) and food makes the organism to move towards food ( raga)

  • Single celled organisms group together to form colony for survival. Some organisms specialize in communication and form primitive nervous system for communication and co-ordination of the colony. Basic instincts of raga and dvesha gets translated into “fight or flight” for the colony.
  •  For the purpose of growing colony, masculine and feminine colonies develop each with primitive nervous system. The instinct of  attraction (raga) developed into sex.   Thus three primitive instincts called food (ahara), sex (maithuna) and rest (sleep – nidra) develop.
  • Colony of organism matures into reptiles with well developed nervous system which later becomes spinal cord of human beings. The nervous system has communication and co-ordination function of entire organism as a single being. The reptilian brain or spinal cord  is for processing autonomous functions based on primitive instincts of food –sex- sleep.
  • As more organisms come into being, relationships need to be built between different organisms. This is where the emotional brain ( mid brain)  came into picture. This later developed into mid brain of human beings.  More complex emotions  based on  repulsion (dvesha) which  is nothing but fear (bhaya) developed –  anger ( krodha), jealousy ( matsarya)….  .Attraction (raga) based emotions like  love (prema), attachment (moha) and greediness (lobha) developed.  All these are based on primitive survival instinct of  attraction – repulsion (raga, dvesha).
  • Now colonies of living beings started getting built up based on these emotions which are nothing expression of primitive instincts – raga and dvesha.
  • While feeling which is based on body and emotion which is based on mind developed,  need arose for learning from experience and projecting into future scenario arose. Thus the thinking brain or rational brain (neo-cortex) of  animals developed.  A deer sees tiger on the way. Feeling of repulsion (dvesha) arises in the body. Emotion of fear (bhaya) rises in the mid brain. Immediately heart beat increases, blood pressure increases and deer starts running away. The memory records the location of the threat  and learns from experience.   Next day , the deer avoids the danger zone. This is how thinking came into picture. In human beings the thinking got more complex with addition of imagination faculty to project into future. Imagination helped to create multiple threat scenarios “ How do I kill tiger. What if my child goes near the tiger…”. Each of these imaginary situation triggers the emotional brain and creates respective emotion and feeling. Thus the faculty of memory, thinking and imagination can be over used to get into psychologically disturbed conditions like stress, depression etc.
  • Also, the same primitive instincts and emotions lead to organization of human beings into groups, societies, colonies and countries. Complex communication and control needs lead to the global nervous system of internet and telecom.
  • Thus the primitive instincts of attraction and repulsion are the basic drives which is driving the more and more complex organization of society.
  • Even the great intellects ( nothing but thinking ability) are used for the purpose of serving the raga and dvesha. It is more like tail wagging the head rather than being the other way round.
  • Spiritual evolution is rational mind (thinking ability) used for overcoming primitive instincts.
  • As the human beings started understanding the limitation of the thinking, feeling &  emotions, the need for growing out of this came. This is where the desire for enlightenment  All the spiritual teachings  keep stressing the importance of going beyond attraction and repulsion (raga and dvesha) and over come emotions and thinking. We have to understand the challenge of this. Our body is entirely made up of  single cells which is organized as colony with co-ordinating  function – reptilian brain, mid brain and thinking brain.  We need to learn the art of  meditation to go beyond thinking and become free from the primitive instincts of raga and dvesha.


Prabhuji – 4th September 2018 –


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